What was the 1st breed of dog?

Dogs have been our loyal companions for centuries, but have you ever wondered what the very first breed of dog was? The history of dog domestication dates back thousands of years, and while the exact origins of the first breed are shrouded in mystery, researchers have pieced together clues to determine which breed may have been the first to be domesticated by humans. Through a combination of genetic studies, archaeological evidence, and historical records, we can now speculate on the ancient roots of our beloved canine friends.

In this article, we will explore the fascinating journey of dog domestication, starting with the possible origins of the first breed of dog. We will delve into the genetic and archaeological evidence that sheds light on the early history of dogs, and discuss the theories surrounding the domestication process. From ancient wolves to modern-day breeds, we will trace the evolution of man’s best friend and unravel the mystery of the first breed of dog. Join us on this journey through time and uncover the fascinating story of our canine companions.


What Was the First Breed of Dog?

Have you ever wondered which breed of dog was the very first? The answer may surprise you! In the next section, we will explore the history of dog breeds and reveal which one can be considered the original breed of dog.

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What was the 1st breed of dog?

One of the oldest known dog breeds is the Saluki, which is believed to have originated in the Middle East over 5,000 years ago. Salukis were highly revered by the ancient Egyptians and are often depicted in Egyptian tombs and artworks. They were used for hunting game such as antelope, gazelle, and hare.

Evolution of dog breeds

Over time, dogs were selectively bred for specific traits and purposes, leading to the development of various breeds. The domestication of dogs is believed to have started tens of thousands of years ago when wolves began to live near human settlements. This close proximity eventually led to a mutually beneficial relationship between humans and dogs.

As humans began to settle in different parts of the world, dogs adapted to their surroundings and were bred to fulfill various roles such as hunting, herding, guarding, and companionship. Different breeds emerged based on the specific needs of their human companions.

Modern dog breeds

Today, there are hundreds of different dog breeds recognized by kennel clubs around the world. These breeds vary in size, appearance, temperament, and abilities. Some popular breeds include Labrador Retrievers, German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, French Bulldogs, and Poodles.

  • Labrador Retrievers: Known for their friendly and outgoing nature, Labrador Retrievers are one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States.
  • German Shepherds: Originally bred as working dogs, German Shepherds are highly intelligent and versatile, excelling in various roles such as police work, search and rescue, and as family pets.
  • Golden Retrievers: These friendly and loyal dogs are known for their beautiful golden coats and gentle personalities, making them great family pets.
  • French Bulldogs: With their distinctive bat-like ears and playful demeanor, French Bulldogs have become increasingly popular in recent years.
  • Poodles: Poodles are known for their intelligence and hypoallergenic coat, making them a popular choice for families with allergies.
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According to the American Kennel Club, Labrador Retrievers have been the most popular dog breed in the United States for the past 30 years.

What is the first breed of dog?

The first breed of dog is believed to be the Saluki, which is a graceful and athletic ancient breed originating from the Middle East.

How do we know that the Saluki is the first breed of dog?

The Saluki is considered one of the oldest breeds based on archaeological evidence, as well as historical writings and artwork depicting this graceful breed dating back thousands of years.

Are there any other contenders for the title of the first breed of dog?

While the Saluki is often recognized as the first breed of dog, there are other ancient breeds such as the Basenji, Afghan Hound, and Akita that also have a long history and ancient origins.

What are the characteristics of the Saluki breed?

The Saluki is known for its grace, speed, endurance, and loyalty to its owners. They have a sleek, long-legged build and a beautiful feathered coat.

Where can I find a Saluki today?

Salukis can be found in many countries around the world, although they are still relatively rare compared to more popular breeds. You can contact breeders or rescue organizations to find a Saluki to adopt.

Do Salukis make good pets?

Salukis can make wonderful pets for the right owner. They are known for their independent nature and aloof demeanor, but they are also loyal and affectionate to their families.

Are Salukis easy to train?

Salukis are an intelligent breed but can be independent and sometimes stubborn, which can make training a bit more challenging. Consistent, positive reinforcement training methods are recommended for this breed.

What kind of exercise do Salukis need?

Salukis are a very active breed that enjoys running and chasing. They need plenty of exercise to keep them happy and healthy, such as regular walks, runs, or playtime in a securely fenced area.

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Do Salukis have any health concerns?

Salukis are generally a healthy breed, but they can be prone to certain health issues including heart problems, eye conditions, and sensitivity to anesthesia. Regular veterinary check-ups are important to monitor their health.

Can Salukis live in apartments?

Salukis are a large and active breed that typically do better in homes with a large fenced yard where they can run and play. While they can adapt to apartment living with enough exercise, a spacious environment is more suitable for Salukis.


The question of what was the first breed of dog remains a topic of debate among researchers and experts in the field of canine genetics and history. While there is no definitive answer, evidence suggests that ancient breeds such as the Saluki, Basenji, and Akita may be some of the earliest known dog breeds. These primitive breeds have been genetically linked to some of the earliest domesticated dogs, providing insight into the origins of our beloved canine companions.

Through a combination of archaeological findings, genetic studies, and historical records, researchers continue to piece together the puzzle of the first breed of dog. By studying the genetic similarities and differences among modern breeds and ancient lineages, scientists hope to gain a better understanding of how dogs were domesticated and how they evolved over time. While the question may never have a clear-cut answer, the ongoing research into the origins of dog breeds sheds light on the deep connection between humans and dogs that has existed for thousands of years.